When you are going to be parents for the first time, you need to know that newborn babies are very susceptible to various skin conditions during the first few months of life. These diseases include dairy gneiss, diaper rash, toxic erythema, milia, acne of newborns and others.
Some of them are caused by physiological hormonal changes and pore immaturity, while others are caused by inflammation or, more rarely, by infection.
Infants easily getting a rash
Mostly infants rash is “physiological”, there is no need for any treatment other than patience of parents. Of course you’d better consult a doctor for some advice on what to expect from the appearance of a rash, to be sure that there is no need of additional treatment.
Let’s see how to avoid the appearance of diaper rash?
Diaper dermatitis is often caused by skin irritation due to its contact with urine, feces and detergents. Sometimes it can be caused by a fungal, bacterial infection, or even an allergy to the diaper material.
In general, most cases of diaper rash can be prevented by replacing wet and dirty diapers and allowing the skin to dry between replacements. Local use of barrier cream or ointment, for example – zinc oxide can help.
Acne of newborns
Acne of newborns is caused by maternal hormones. The same hormones (estrogens) are involved in the occurrence of acne in adolescents. The big difference is that the newborn’s acne does not need any treatment, so, no need to panic, everything will pass in few weeks.
Eczema or atopic dermatitis
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is an itchy rash that occurs in response to a specific effect or allergy. It is usually observed when children older than 3 months and appears more often on the scalp, face, trunk, extremities (elbows and knees), and even in the diaper area. Treatment is focused on avoiding the trigger and allowing the skin to “heal.” Therapy may include the use of moisturizers, and even topical application of corticosteroids.
Dry skin of newborns
Newborns often have very dry, scaly skin immediately after birth. And parents start to panic and come up with different diagnoses. Do not worry …. This is due to the fact that the baby existed before in the liquid environment for several months, and after birth, the skin cells begin to regenerate, which leads to exfoliation of the old skin cells. Do not do anything, because the dryness of the skin will pass by itself.
Well, now, dear parents, let me give you some important tips for caring for baby skin …
Tip 1: Children’s skin does not need powder!
Although it seems to parents that a baby powder is necessary for a child, in general, it is not so. It is very important to avoid powders with talc, since there is a risk of accidental inhalation and further problems with the lungs.
Tip 2: Washing of baby clothes
Infants can be very sensitive to perfumes and detergents. Use gentle means without smell when washing children’s clothes and bedding. This will help prevent the development of allergies or hypersensitivity.
Tip 3: Sunburn for children is dangerous !
The skin of babies and children is very sensitive and can easily get burned from sun exposure, which leads to serious and even irreparable damage. If the child is on the street, it is important to avoid direct sunlight on his skin.
Sunscreen is not recommended for infants under 6 months of age, so use a hat, umbrella or other protective equipment whenever possible.
Tip 4: Avoid means with dyes and fragrances
Children older than 6 months also always apply sunscreen. If you suspect that a child has a sunburn, consult a pediatrician for advice.
Most skin care products should not be used for very young children because of the risk of exposure to active chemicals that can be absorbed in large amounts through the thin, less developed skin of infants.
Avoid means with dyes and fragrances, as they can lead to the development of allergic reactions. Always discuss with a pediatrician what is better to use for infants.
Tip 5: Do not hesitate to ask the doctor
Most types of skin rashes in infants are not serious and require little or no treatment. There are some types of rashes that may need further observation.
Any increase in temperature associated with rashes, needs to be examined by a doctor. A rash that consists of blisters or other fluid-filled elements (pustules, vesicles) may also need to be inspected.
In general, you should never hesitate to contact a pediatrician with problems and then your baby will be healthy and happy!